What is self-control?
This week we will be discussing concepts including. I've linked references below to guide your reading
- Anger and Dominance
- A model for Anger 
- Dominance has been linked to low A/ high E. In its "respect" form, it is linked to higher C.
- Anger is linked to low-A, but also to “normal” assertiveness.
- Aggression as a competence
- Furlow, B., Gangestad, S. W. and Armijo-Prewitt, T. (1998). Developmental stability and human violence. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London - Series B: Biological Sciences, 265. 1-6. doi. PMID.
- Goetz, S. M., Shattuck, K. S., Miller, R. M., Campbell, J. A., Lozoya, E., Weisfeld, G. E. and Carre, J. M. (2013). Social Status Moderates the Relationship Between Facial Structure and Aggression. Psychological Sciencedoi. PMID. link
- Adrian Raine "The anatomy of violence" interview
- Perseverance , 
- Grit and self-control are linked to C, and perhaps facets of C
- Impulsivity in the NEO , 
- Heritability of externalizing 
- Psychopathy is argued to be low C plus low A.
I'll spend most of the time talking about some positive traits underlying success with which we've been working.
But you might also look at some traits that lead to "problems with self and others" - impulsivity and psychopathy.
A diverse set of impulsivity measures were mapped onto the NEO revealed four dimensions of impulsive-like behavior in an exploratory factor analyses on 437 college students. These were each marked best by a different particular facet of the FFM (not domain) as follows:
|Impulsivity factor||NEO Facet|
|Lack of premeditation||C: Deliberation|
|Lack of perseverance||C: Self-discipline|
|Sensation seeking||E: Excitement seeking|
Try and find references linking the above constructs to the 5FM.
Try and diagram this A/C circumplex. Look up circumplex if you have have not learned that term.
Think about what is happening as we move from, say, psychopathy to dominance.
Extra credit question
- How can we best measure Psychopathy in normals?
The course will give you powerful frameworks to understand and human behaviour: We cover the major domains: What functions does personality serve?; Facets: What is buried inside the 5 domains?; Values as the immediate causes of behavior; Well-being: How does being happy differ from living a good life?; How can individual differences help us understanding the world: education, relationships, work, abnormal psychology.
Course Chair: Professor Timothy Bates
You are invited to the Individual Differences journal club, which meets each Friday at 2pm!